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قديم 08-16-2010, 02:00 PM   #1
toty12
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تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2010
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Angry Help me

I need some one answer these questions , i have finial exam tomorrow please help me may ALLAH accept your good deeds.


Question 1: Phonetics: describing consonants and vowels (5 marks)



Look at the IPA chart that has been posted on Blackboard and choose five consonant symbols and five vowel symbols from the chart. Please choose at least three sounds which do not occur in English! For each symbol that you choose:



a) give its phonetic description, using the three defining characteristics of consonants or vowels. (e.g. [m] is a voiced bilabial nasal, [ʌ] is an open-mid back unrounded vowel.)


b) give one example of a word from English or another language which contains each sound. (e.g. [m] as in French maison 'house', [ʌ] as in English cut.)



Question 2: Phonetics: 'odd one out' (5 marks)

In each of the following sets of consonant or vowel sounds, identify which is the odd one out, and say why.

Example: [m] [p] [k] [β]
Answer: The odd one out is [k] because all the other sounds are bilabial, but [k] is velar.

SET A: [β] [ʒ] [s] [w] [ɸ]
SET B: [ɹ] [l] [ɽ] [ɾ] [r]
SET C: [p] [ʃ] [c] [ɱ] [θ]
SET D: [j] [c] [ɲ] [ɖ] [ʎ]
SET E: [c] [ɣ] [ҫ] [v] [β]
SET F: [u] [o] [y] [e] [œ]
SET G: [ʉ] [ɜ] [ɞ] [ɨ] [ɛ]
SET H: [ɛ] [œ] [e] [æ] [ɜ]
SET I: [y] [a] [i] [ɪ] [ʏ]
SET J: [ɤ] [ø] [ɛ] [ɘ] [ɯ]



Question 3. Vurës Phonology (10 marks – 2 marks each question)

Look at the following data set from the Vurës language, spoken on the island of Vanua Lava in Vanuatu, then answer the questions below, giving examples from the data as evidence.

[tyl]
'drown'
[boɾ]
'laugh'
[laŋ]
'fly'
[taɾ]
'chop'
[βan]
'go'
[san]
'pull sharply'
[nar]
'widow'
[ŋe]
'almond'
[βoɾ]
'volcano'
[lam]
'deep sea'
[map]
'heavy'
[leβete]
'six'
[saŋ]
'touch'
[tar]
'chop'
[mat]
'taro paddy'
[βor]
'volcano'
[βenen]
'place, land'
[yp]
'blow'
[ep]
'fire'
[naɾ]
'widow'
[bor]
'laugh'
[βeŋen]
'feed'
øsyp]
'bathe'
[tyβyn]
'bury'


[b]

a) What is a suspicious pair? Give a brief definition in your own words.



For questions b) – d) below a suspicious pair is given and you must state, giving examples from the data as evidence, whether the two sounds are:



i) separate phonemes;


ii) allophones of the same phoneme in complementary distribution; or


iii) allophones of the same phoneme in free variation.



b) [β] and [p]



c) [β] and [b]



d) [r] and [ɾ]



e) [n] and [ŋ]
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